Course Descriptions

Principles of Physics II and LAB – PHYS 2212K


An introductory course that will include material from electromagnetism, optics, and modern physics. Elementary differential and integral calculus will be used. This course has a laboratory component that requires a lab kit.

Students enrolling in eCore lab science courses are advised to consult with transferring institution to determine transferability of course credits.

Important Lab Information

This course has a laboratory component that requires you to purchase a lab kit. More information can be found below, but you are encouraged to purchase the kit and begin gathering the additional materials as soon as possible.

Lab Kit Cost - $148.00

  • The cost for option one includes lab material for PHYS 2212K. (See lab material list.)
  • Price includes shipping and handling for ground shipping in the state of Georgia. Other shipping and handling options may add to the total cost.

Name Office Phone Email
Sanjeev Arora Fort Valley State University
Mark Spraker University of North Georgia

Credit Hours


  • See your home institution's prerequisite requirement.


Course Equivalency

Lab Kit Ordering Instructions:

This course requires the purchase of a lab kit for you to perform real lab experiments remotely. These labs have been customized by your instructor and are required for course completion.

Order Directly from eScience Labs:
Follow the instructions below to order the Chemistry Lab Kit from eScience Labs:

  1. Go to
  2. Click on the ‘Create Account’ button in upper right hand corner
  3. Once your account is created, click on HAVE A CODE and enter the kit code below.
  4. Follow the checkout process

Online Order Code for PHYS2212K: Kit2277

Check with your bookstore:
Bookstores may offer lab kit vouchers that are redeemable with eScience Labs. Be sure to check with your bookstore for this option. To redeem your vouchers:

  1. Go to
  2. Click on the ‘Create Account’ button in upper right hand corner
  3. Once your account is created, click on HAVE A CODE and enter the kit code below.
  4. Follow the checkout process

Online Order Code: Use code from purchased voucher

Processing Timeline:

Please allow up to 2-4 business days to process your order and an additional 3-5 business days for delivery. eScience Labs ships all lab kits through standard UPS Ground.  Kits may be expedited for an additional charge if needed. Please call 1-888-ESL-KITS for more information.

Getting Help from eScience Labs:

If you need any assistance ordering your kit, please contact eScience Labs Customer Support team via our website at

After completing this course, you will be able to:

Unit 1 - Electric Field and Electric Force

  • Recognize the fundamental nature of charge
  • Determine the magnitude and direction of the forces between two charged particles using Coulomb's law.
  • Determine the magnitude and direction of the forces between a system of many charged particles using Coulomb's law.
  • Calculate the electric field due to a point charge.
  • Calculate the electric field due to a system of many charged particles.
  • Sketch the lines of force around a configuration of charges so that you can determine the magnitude and direction of the electric field and force.
  • Determine the motion of a point charge in a uniform electric field.
  • Calculate the electric field of a dipole.
  • Calculate electric fields for continuous charge distributions using integral calculus.

Unit 2 - Gauss's Law & Electric Potential

  • Calculate the electric field flux through a closed surface.
  • Calculate the magnitude and direction of the electric field for symmetric distributions of charge using Gauss's Law.
  • Solve problems involving electric fields around conductors.
  • Calculate the work done on a point charge due to an electric field in moving from one point to another.
  • Relate electrical potential to the potential energy of a charge placed at a point.
  • Calculate the electrical potential due to a point charge.
  • Calculate the electrical potential due to a collection of point charges.
  • Calculate the electrical potential due to a continuous charge distribution.
  • Relate electric field lines and equipotential surfaces.
  • State the definition of capacitance.
  • Calculate the capacitance for a parallel plate capacitor.
  • Recognize the role of a capacitor as a device to store energy.
  • Solve simple circuit problems involving capacitors in series and parallel.
  • Determine the role played by dielectrics in capacitors.

Unit 3 - Electrical Current and Circuits

  • Understand current as the macroscopic (large scale) phenomenon resulting from the directed motion of individual charged particles.
  • Understand electrical resistance as a fundamental property resulting from the structure of matter.
  • Apply Ohm's law to simple circuits.
  • Understand the variation of current in a circuit due to the temperature dependence of resistance.
  • Understand EMF as the mechanism that supplies the energy to keep an electrical current flowing in an electrical circuit.
  • Apply basic techniques for the analysis of dc circuits.
  • Calculate currents in various branches of single and multi-loop circuits using Kirchhoff's laws.
  • Understand basic ideas involved in electrical measurement.
  • Understand the origin and behavior of transient currents in a RC circuit.

Unit 4 - Magnetic Fields

  • Apply the force that a magnetic field exerts on moving electrical charges to determine the strength of a magnetic field.
  • Relate that the force applied to a moving charge has some very special properties, which results in a rather complicated motion of the charge.
  • State the cyclotron frequency.
  • Describe force and torque acting on a current carrying wire placed in a magnetic field.
  • Calculate the potential energy of a magnetic dipole in a magnetic field.
  • Generalize the quantitative relationship between a magnetic field and the current that produces it.
  • State the Biot-Savart Law.
  • Calculate the magnetic field produced by various current configurations.
  • Apply Ampere's law to calculate magnetic fields in situations with a high degree of symmetry.
  • Determine the direction of a magnetic field produced when a current passes through a wire.
  • Specify the direction and magnitude of a magnetic field due to current in a loop or a solenoid.
  • Explain the magnetic properties of matter.

Unit 5 - Electromagnetic Function

  • Be able to determine the magnetic flux through a surface and use Faraday's law to determine the magnitude of induced emf in a closed loop due to changing magnetic flux through the loop
  • Be able to define Lenz's Law and use to determine the directions of induced magnetic fields, currents and  emfs
  • Understand the concepts of motional emf and induced electric fields
  • Learn how to correlate two nearby circuits that carry time-varying currents with emf induced in each circuit and describe examples in which mutual inductance may or may not be desirable
  • Derive the self-inductance L for a cylindrical solenoid and rectangular toroid
  • Learn how to analyze circuits that have an inductor and resistor (RL) and a resistor, inductor, capacitor (RLC) series circuits
  • Be able to describe the relationship between the charge and current oscillating between a capacitor and inductor wired in series
  • Determine the angular frequency of oscillation for a resistor, inductor, capacitor (RLC) series circuit

Unit 6 - Light

  • Relate light to electromagnetic waves.
  • Understand electromagnetic radiation as a consequence of Maxwell's Equations.
  • Identify the different portions of the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of their frequency or wavelength.
  • Differentiate between specular and diffuse reflection.
  • Determine relative size and position of the object and image in a plane mirror.
  • Distinguish between converging and diverging lenses.
  • Define the focal length and focal point of a lens.
  • Relate image position to focal length and object distance for converging and diverging lenses.
  • Understand rays as a tool to construct geometrical optics.
  • Understand the laws of reflection and refraction at a plane surface between two optical media.
  • Understand the role of total internal reflection and calculate the critical angle.
  • Apply the laws of reflection and refraction to plane and curved mirrors.
  • Apply the laws of reflection and refraction to image formation by systems of lenses.
  • Distinguish between virtual and real images.
  • Identify applications of lenses for optical devices.
  • Describe the failure of geometrical optics to explain small-scale optical phenomena.
  • Explain how the wave theory of light leads to the phenomena of interference and diffraction.
  • State the result of Young's double slit experiment.
  • Calculate maxima and minima in single and multiple slit experiments.
  • Define the phenomenon of interference from thin films.
  • Define how light is polarized and calculate Brewster's angle.

Unit 7 - Modern Physics

  • Distinguish between the Galilean transformation and the relativistic transformation.
  • State the postulates of special relativity.
  • Apply the Lorentz transformation to a simple time dilation and length contraction problem.
  • Interpret the mass energy relation.
  • Solve a problem involving relativistic momentum.
  • Explain Planck's theory as applied to blackbody radiation.
  • Analyze Einstein's explanation of the photoelectric effect.
  • Interpret the Compton scattering of X-rays by electrons.
  • Recognize that particles have wave properties and light has particle properties.
  • Recognize the Schrodinger Wave Equation as the foundation of quantum mechanics.
  • Determine the uncertainty in position and momentum from the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.
  • Unit 1: Electric Field and Electric Force
  • Unit 2: Gauss's Law & Electric Potential
  • Unit 3: Electrical Current and Circuits
  • Unit 4: Magnetic Fields
  • Unit 5: Electromagnetic Function
  • Unit 6: Light
  • Unit 7: Modern Physics

Your final grade will be based on the following breakdown. Please note that each instructor may choose to make modifications.

  • Discussions/Participation - 10%
  • Homework - 25%
  • Labs - 20%
  • Quizzes - 15%
  • * Midterm - 15%
  • * Final Exam - 15%

Microsoft Excel

Return policy for direct orders allows for unopened and/or unused kits to be returned within 30 days of purchase, with student assuming the cost of return shipping and 10% restocking fee.

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