An introductory course that will include material from electromagnetism, optics, and modern physics. Elementary differential and integral calculus will be used. This course has a laboratory component that requires a lab kit.

Students enrolling in eCore lab science courses are advised to consult with transferring institution to determine transferability of course credits.

## Important Lab Information

This course has a laboratory component that requires you to purchase a lab kit. More information can be found below, but you are encouraged to purchase the kit and begin gathering the additional materials as soon as possible.

## Lab Kit Cost - $148.00

- The cost for option one includes lab material for PHYS 2212K. (See lab material list.)
- Price includes shipping and handling for
ground shippingin thestate of Georgia. Other shipping and handling options may add to the total cost.

Name |
Office |
Phone |
Email |
---|---|---|---|

Sanjeev Arora | Fort Valley State University | 478-825-6981 | Aroras@fvsu.edu |

Mark Spraker | University of North Georgia | mark.spraker@ung.edu |

4

Credit Hours

- See your home institution's prerequisite requirement.

**Lab Kit Ordering Instructions: **

**Welcome Students! **

**This course requires the purchase of a lab kit for you to perform real lab experiments remotely. These labs have been customized by your instructor and are required for course completion. **

**How to Order Direct from eScience Labs Website:**

Follow the instructions below to order the Physics II Lab kit from eScience Labs:

- Go to www.esciencelabs.com
- Click on the ‘Create Account’ button in upper right hand corner
- Once account is created entered, click on HAVE A CODE and enter the kit code below.
- Follow checkout process

**Online Order Code: Kit2277**

**Processing Timeline:**

Please allow up to 2-4 business days to process your order and an additional 3-5 business days for delivery. eScience Labs ships all lab kits through standard UPS Ground. Kits may be expedited for an additional charge if needed. Please call 1-888-ESL-KITS for more information.

__Getting Help from eScience Labs:__

If you need any assistance ordering your kit, please contact eScience Labs Customer Support team via our website at www.esciencelabs.com/support.

**After completing this course, you will be able to:**

Unit 1 - Electric Field and Electric Force

- Recognize the fundamental nature of charge
- Determine the magnitude and direction of the forces between two charged particles using Coulomb's law.
- Determine the magnitude and direction of the forces between a system of many charged particles using Coulomb's law.
- Calculate the electric field due to a point charge.
- Calculate the electric field due to a system of many charged particles.
- Sketch the lines of force around a configuration of charges so that you can determine the magnitude and direction of the electric field and force.
- Determine the motion of a point charge in a uniform electric field.
- Calculate the electric field of a dipole.
- Calculate electric fields for continuous charge distributions using integral calculus.

Unit 2 - Gauss's Law & Electric Potential

- Calculate the electric field flux through a closed surface.
- Calculate the magnitude and direction of the electric field for symmetric distributions of charge using Gauss's Law.
- Solve problems involving electric fields around conductors.
- Calculate the work done on a point charge due to an electric field in moving from one point to another.
- Relate electrical potential to the potential energy of a charge placed at a point.
- Calculate the electrical potential due to a point charge.
- Calculate the electrical potential due to a collection of point charges.
- Calculate the electrical potential due to a continuous charge distribution.
- Relate electric field lines and equipotential surfaces.
- State the definition of capacitance.
- Calculate the capacitance for a parallel plate capacitor.
- Recognize the role of a capacitor as a device to store energy.
- Solve simple circuit problems involving capacitors in series and parallel.
- Determine the role played by dielectrics in capacitors.

Unit 3 - Electrical Current and Circuits

- Understand current as the macroscopic (large scale) phenomenon resulting from the directed motion of individual charged particles.
- Understand electrical resistance as a fundamental property resulting from the structure of matter.
- Apply Ohm's law to simple circuits.
- Understand the variation of current in a circuit due to the temperature dependence of resistance.
- Understand EMF as the mechanism that supplies the energy to keep an electrical current flowing in an electrical circuit.
- Apply basic techniques for the analysis of dc circuits.
- Calculate currents in various branches of single and multi-loop circuits using Kirchhoff's laws.
- Understand basic ideas involved in electrical measurement.
- Understand the origin and behavior of transient currents in a RC circuit.

Unit 4 - Magnetic Fields

- Apply the force that a magnetic field exerts on moving electrical charges to determine the strength of a magnetic field.
- Relate that the force applied to a moving charge has some very special properties, which results in a rather complicated motion of the charge.
- State the cyclotron frequency.
- Describe force and torque acting on a current carrying wire placed in a magnetic field.
- Calculate the potential energy of a magnetic dipole in a magnetic field.
- Generalize the quantitative relationship between a magnetic field and the current that produces it.
- State the Biot-Savart Law.
- Calculate the magnetic field produced by various current configurations.
- Apply Ampere's law to calculate magnetic fields in situations with a high degree of symmetry.
- Determine the direction of a magnetic field produced when a current passes through a wire.
- Specify the direction and magnitude of a magnetic field due to current in a loop or a solenoid.
- Explain the magnetic properties of matter.

Unit 5 - Electromagnetic Function

- Be able to determine the magnetic flux through a surface and use Faraday's law to determine the magnitude of induced emf in a closed loop due to changing magnetic flux through the loop
- Be able to define Lenz's Law and use to determine the directions of induced magnetic fields, currents and emfs
- Understand the concepts of motional emf and induced electric fields
- Learn how to correlate two nearby circuits that carry time-varying currents with emf induced in each circuit and describe examples in which mutual inductance may or may not be desirable
- Derive the self-inductance L for a cylindrical solenoid and rectangular toroid
- Learn how to analyze circuits that have an inductor and resistor (RL) and a resistor, inductor, capacitor (RLC) series circuits
- Be able to describe the relationship between the charge and current oscillating between a capacitor and inductor wired in series
- Determine the angular frequency of oscillation for a resistor, inductor, capacitor (RLC) series circuit

Unit 6 - Light

- Relate light to electromagnetic waves.
- Understand electromagnetic radiation as a consequence of Maxwell's Equations.
- Identify the different portions of the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of their frequency or wavelength.
- Differentiate between specular and diffuse reflection.
- Determine relative size and position of the object and image in a plane mirror.
- Distinguish between converging and diverging lenses.
- Define the focal length and focal point of a lens.
- Relate image position to focal length and object distance for converging and diverging lenses.
- Understand rays as a tool to construct geometrical optics.
- Understand the laws of reflection and refraction at a plane surface between two optical media.
- Understand the role of total internal reflection and calculate the critical angle.
- Apply the laws of reflection and refraction to plane and curved mirrors.
- Apply the laws of reflection and refraction to image formation by systems of lenses.
- Distinguish between virtual and real images.
- Identify applications of lenses for optical devices.
- Describe the failure of geometrical optics to explain small-scale optical phenomena.
- Explain how the wave theory of light leads to the phenomena of interference and diffraction.
- State the result of Young's double slit experiment.
- Calculate maxima and minima in single and multiple slit experiments.
- Define the phenomenon of interference from thin films.
- Define how light is polarized and calculate Brewster's angle.

Unit 7 - Modern Physics

- Distinguish between the Galilean transformation and the relativistic transformation.
- State the postulates of special relativity.
- Apply the Lorentz transformation to a simple time dilation and length contraction problem.
- Interpret the mass energy relation.
- Solve a problem involving relativistic momentum.
- Explain Planck's theory as applied to blackbody radiation.
- Analyze Einstein's explanation of the photoelectric effect.
- Interpret the Compton scattering of X-rays by electrons.
- Recognize that particles have wave properties and light has particle properties.
- Recognize the Schrodinger Wave Equation as the foundation of quantum mechanics.
- Determine the uncertainty in position and momentum from the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.

- Unit 1: Electric Field and Electric Force
- Unit 2: Gauss's Law & Electric Potential
- Unit 3: Electrical Current and Circuits
- Unit 4: Magnetic Fields
- Unit 5: Electromagnetic Function
- Unit 6: Light
- Unit 7: Modern Physics

**Your final grade will be based on the following breakdown. Please note that each instructor may choose to make modifications.**

- Discussions/Participation - 10%
- Homework - 25%
- Labs - 20%
- Quizzes - 15%
- Midterm - 15%
- Final Exam - 15%

Microsoft Excel

Return policy for direct orders allows for unopened and/or unused kits to be returned within 30 days of purchase, with student assuming the cost of return shipping and 10% restocking fee.